O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?
I want to add a little more to the discussion of Adam and the 1000 years millennium idea found in Rev 20 that I spoke on a couple of weeks ago.
I have posted recently here that Adam’s lacking of 1000 years represents the same idea presented by Paul in 1 Cor 15 in which Adam is portrayed corporately epitomizing Israel’s “Dead” covenant status as God’s people. We see this illustrated in the Jubilees account written perhaps 200 years earlier by Jews. Adam and Eve in early Genesis effectively presents a readers digest story of Israel’s history including the last days when one includes the Cain and Abel story the Flood account and also Babel and the 70 nations. Cain represents a prophetic view of Satan’s seed or “brood of vipers” that ultimately are removed from the covenant standing when they like him are cast into outer darkness away from the face of God. The story emphasizes that Cain was a worker of the ground [works of the flesh] while his brother Abel was a shepherd of the flock and thus his [Cain’s] offering was not acceptable to God.
In the flood account it is said that all flesh [Jew & Gentile] would come into judgment just as occurred at the AD70 Parousia. An interesting numerical event occurs though in the flood story in that Noah did not father his three offspring until his 500th year and did not enter into the Ark until the 600th year. In my previous article titled “Six Days of Creation” I illustrate that the carrying away to Babylon was the beginning of the 5th Day and that John the Baptist inaugurated the 6th Day and final Day in which Christ becomes the Ark. I believe this idea is also found presented here in the application of Noah’s ages in which his boys ultimately are inclusive of the 70 Nations after the flood. When we add the 70 Nations to Adam’s 930 years we end up getting the nice round number of 1000 which indicates fulfillment and completion of Adam at redemption.
Let’s look again at Jubilees 4 and Adam’s account.
Jub 4:29 … thereof, Adam died … And he lacked seventy years of one thousand years; for one thousand years are as one day in the testimony of the heavens and therefore was it written concerning the tree of knowledge: 'On the day that ye eat thereof ye shall die.' For this reason he did not complete the years of this day; for he died during it.
Now I would like to present the Jubilees account that followed immediately after Adam’s death.
Jubilees 4:31 At the close of this jubilee Cain was killed after him in the same year; for his house fell upon him and he died in the midst of his house, and he was killed by its stones; for with a stone he had killed Abel, and by a stone was he killed in righteous judgment.
32 For this reason it was ordained on the heavenly tablets: With the instrument with which a man kills his neighbour with the same shall he be killed; after the manner that he wounded him, in like manner shall they deal with him.' [Remember that God only brings retribution on the apostate Jews for shedding their brothers blood just as He did to Cain not allowing retribution by others]
Did you also notice that Cain is killed in his own House and a stone killed him in righteous judgment? The stone imagery from the OT of course emanates from Daniel 2 and also Isa 8 that breaks not only apostate Israel but the Nations. The House IMO represents Israel’s mistaken confidence in the manmade Temple that they constructed.
Isa 8:14 And he will become a sanctuary and a stone of offense and a rock of stumbling to both houses of Israel, a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 15 And many shall stumble on it. They shall fall and be broken; they shall be snared and taken."
Dan 2:45 just as you saw that a stone was cut from a mountain by no human hand, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold.
Do you perhaps see that the First Century Jews already had the seeds of Messiah presented to them in many different formats? However just recently I came across something that Mike Sullivan has presented before that ties in well with Adam living 930 years and the number 70 that completes him.
Here is what Mike presents.
1) The Jews understood the millennium or transition period of Messiah's days to fulfill Adam's 70 years to reach a 1,000 (Jub. 4:29-30 - to fulfill the "probationary period") and or be a literal second exodus "generation" period.
- Adam is the reference here in Psalm 90:3-4 (connected to the 1,000 years) and is the reference for 2 Peter 3 and Revelation 20.
- The literal second exodus motif or "generation" is seen later in the Psalm 90:15-17.
2) All of the elements of the millennium can be seen taking place progressively during the transition period elsewhere in the NT:
- the success of the GC.
- reigning with Christ, etc...
3) The Church being united to Christ, was fulfilling what was lacking in the first Adam. She was putting on Christ and thus being clothed with immortality and in the process of being raised (from "the death" in Adam) - receiving eternal life - which is what the 1,000 years represents along with living as long as trees in Isaiah 65.
1) Christ and the Church as the New Adam and New Creation - 930 + 70 = 1,000. The Holy Spirit "overshadowing" Marry (Gen. 1). All placing faith in Messiah are the New Creation foretold by the prophets.
2) Christ and the Church the New Temple and Priesthood from porch to MHP = 70 cubits.
3) Christ and the Church restores the nations which in Genesis we learn were 70 - with the one heavenly tongue of the Gospel (Acts 2).
4) Christ the Church the new deliverer from the 70 years of captivity calling Israel out of her graves of sin and slavery (Cryus being a type).
1) Christ tested for 40 days which turns into the Church filling up what was lacking in his sufferings for 40 years before entering the "heavenly land" - new or second exodus motif.
2) Christ fulfilling the 40 year Kingdom reigns over Israel of David and Solomon (AD 30-70). He was both waring and establishing peace during this time.
3) Christ and the Church fulfilling the New Temple and Priesthood - walking and being tested from HP to MHP - 40 cubits (cf. also transition of Hebrews 9 HP OC / MHP NC = Rev. 22:16).
These ideas that Mike is presenting above go along with Luke’s account of the 70 Generations from Adam to Christ and the Enoch Book also accounts for the 70 Generations at the completion of Messiah.
Those of you that are familiar with Genesis may know that Elohim and YHWH are accounted for 70 times in the first 4 chapters of Genesis with 35 by Elohim alone in Gen 1-2:3 and 35 more for both through Gen 4:26. Also the 70 Nations are scattered at Babel and it is often pointed out by scholars that Pentecost is the beginning re-gathering of the 70 Nations. Also the Feast of Tabernacles has 70 Bulls sacrificed to represent the Nations by the Jews representing their inclusion with Adam at the redemption of Messiah and Christ confirms this in John and Zechariah.
Zec 14:16-18 Then everyone who survives of all the nations that have come against Jerusalem shall go up year after year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Booths. (17) And if any of the families of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, there will be no rain on them. (18) And if the family of Egypt does not go up and present themselves, then on them there shall be no rain; there shall be the plague with which the LORD afflicts the nations that do not go up to keep the Feast of Booths. [This going up to Jerusalem is not to be taken literally like the modern dispensationalists do]
Notice that Christ at the last Feast of Booths [the 8th Day] before His crucifixion speaks of His being the living water for all peoples thus fulfilling Zec 14.
Joh 7:37-38 On the last day of the feast,[8th Day] the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, "If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. (38) Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, 'Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.'"[Compare to the Priest pouring of water on the 8th Day to signify the blessings of rain upon Israel]
Lev 23:39 "On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the LORD seven days. On the first day shall be a solemn rest, and on the eighth day shall be a solemn rest.
So in conclusion Adam through his lifespan of 930 years represented Israel and the completion of the 70 years in many different ways points to the inclusion of all people into true Israel from the very inception of Genesis.
In Revelation we see where on the sixth Day or Last Day before Consummation, that the “rest of the Saints come to life and live and reign 1000 years after it has ended. This is at the end of the last 1000 year binding of Satan [6thDay] and I believe the new 1000 year reign corresponds to the everlasting 8th Day and not the previous one ended. If the saints are living and reigning for a 1000 years during this period then they represent you and I just as well and so there is indeed another 1000 year Reign that unlike the previous 6 Days has no “Night” in it and thus is everlasting without end. That I believe is the imagery of Rev 20-22 IMHO.
Again I would like to refer to the Jubilees account of living lifespans to 1000 years in comparison with the language of Isa 65.
Take a look at how Jubilees uses the 1000 year age later on in its writings. This very idea is found somewhat similarly to Isaiah 65:20 discussing the New Heavens and earth. They remind that the ancients lived to nearly 1000 years [but not quite] because man [Adams] became progressively more evil as the peace of the Garden becomes a distant reality. In 23:28 though we see that this new time will bring back the path of righteousness and the life of the faithful grows nigh to 1000 years again even beyond the ancients who did not reach the 1000 year life span. Folks this is symbolic language here talking about the New Heavens and Earth and is simply a means of illustrating the Garden story that keeps continuity. This is what John is pulling from in Rev 20 in discussing the 1000 year reign of the saints he has under consideration and it is also how he uses 1000 years to denote the time of the Last Days.
1000 years according to Barnabas and Augustine [and 2 Pet 3:8 also] is how you were supposed to interpret the Days of Genesis 1. That is also the gist of my six Day of creation discussion if you would like to review it for some more perspective. The last millennium or 1000 years denotes the sixth Day when man receives the Image of God through Christ as we see at Pentecost.
Jubilees 23:12 And in those days, if a man live a jubilee and a-half of years, they shall say regarding him: 'He has lived long, and the greater part of his days are pain and sorrow and tribulation, and there is no peace:
Then they shall say: 'The days of the forefathers were many (even), unto a thousand years, and were good; but behold, the days of our life, if a man has lived many, are three score years and ten, and, if he is strong, four score years, and those evil, and there is no peace in the days of this evil generation.'
28 And in those days the children shall begin to study the laws, And to seek the commandments, And to return to the path of righteousness.
And the days shall begin to grow many and increase amongst those children of men Till their days draw nigh to one thousand years. And to a greater number of years than (before) was the number of the days.
And there shall be no old man Nor one who is <not> satisfied with his days, For all shall be (as) children and youths.
Isa 65:20 No more shall there be in it an infant who lives but a few days, or an old man who does not fill out his days, for the young man shall die a hundred years old, and the sinner a hundred years old shall be accursed.
I also want to remind that the 8th Day of Messiah was expounded upon in the Barnabas Epistle during the first Century and so these Christian writers made this exact correlation of the 1000 years as well. By the way they presented the full Preterist view which even many full Preterist today haven’t yet grasped.
Examine the Barnabas chapter now in lieu of what we now understand about the 1000 years in Jewish parlance.
Barnabas CHAPTER 15
1 Furthermore it was written concerning the Sabbath in the ten words which he spake on Mount Sinai face to face to Moses. "Sanctify also the Sabbath of the Lord with pure hands and a pure heart."
2 And in another place he says, "If my sons keep the Sabbath, then will I bestow my mercy upon them."
3 He speaks of the Sabbath at the beginning of the Creation, "And God made in six days the works of his hands and on the seventh day he made an end, and rested in it and sanctified it."
4 Notice, children, what is the meaning of "He made an end in six days"? He means this: that the Lord will make an end of everything in six thousand years, for a day with him means a thousand years. And he himself is my witness when he says, "Lo, the day of the Lord shall be as a thousand years." So then, children, in six days, that is in six thousand years, everything will be completed. [remember these are understood as symbolic 1000 year Days just as Peter and John utilize and Augustine picks upon to a limited extend]
5 "And he rested on the seventh day." This means, when his Son comes he will destroy the time of the wicked one, and will judge the godless, and will change the sun and the moon and the stars, and then he will truly rest on the seventh day. [the Parousia at AD70]
6 Furthermore he says, "Thou shalt sanctify it with clean hands and a pure heart." If, then, anyone has at present the power to keep holy the day which God made holy, by being pure in heart, we are altogether deceived.
7 See that we shall indeed keep it holy at that time, when we enjoy true rest, when we shall be able to do so because we have been made righteous ourselves and have received the promise, when there is no more sin, but all things have been made new by the Lord: then we shall be able to keep it holy because we ourselves have first been made holy.
8 Furthermore he says to them, "Your new moons and the sabbaths I cannot away with.[just like in Rev 21:23]" Do you see what he means? The present sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but that which I have made, in which I will give rest to all things and make the beginning of an eighth day, that is the beginning of another world.
9 Wherefore we also celebrate with gladness the eighth day in which Jesus also rose from the dead, and was made manifest, and ascended into Heaven.
1Th 4 also gives us a picture of what Barnabas and Rev 20:6 are presenting.
1Th 4:16-17 For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. (17) Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord. [that is a picture of the eternal 8th Day IMO]
Because each Day is called a thousand year period and the 8th Day is another Day but with no ending then in principle it too can be called a millennium period in which we all partake of its 1000 years blessings. That is why in Rev 20:6 those saints also lived and reigned a 1000 years after the previous one ended. However it really doesn’t matter what you call it as long as you grasp its significance for your life.